If you are going to learn a language, you will soon come into contact with the concept of CEFR, for example: “your speaking skills are A1 + and writing skills are A2”. This is a European standard that everyone uses.
Language proficiency is divided into four skills: reading, writing, speaking and listening. Within each skill, you can generally achieve three levels: Basic user (A), Independent user (B) and Proficient user (C).
Can understand and use familiar everyday expressions and basic phrases aimed at satisfying concrete needs. Can introduce himself / herself to others and can ask and answer questions about personal information such as where he / she lives, people he / she knows and things he / she owns. Can respond in a simple manner, provided the other person is speaking slowly and clearly and is willing to help.
Can understand sentences and frequently used expressions related to areas of most immediate relevance (e.g., personal information, family, shopping, local geography, employment). Can communicate in simple and routine tasks requiring a simple and direct exchange on familiar and routine matters. Can describe in simple terms aspects of own background, immediate environment and issues of various needs.
Can understand the main points of clear standard texts on familiar matters regularly encountered in work, school and leisure. Can cope with most situations that may arise while traveling in areas where the language in question is spoken. Can produce simple running text on topics that are familiar or of personal interest. Can describe experiences and events, dreams, hopes and ambitions and briefly give reasons and explanations for opinions and plans.
Can understand the main ideas of a complex text on both concrete and abstract topics, including technical discussions in his / her field of expertise. Can react so fluently and spontaneously that normal exchange with native speakers is possible without requiring effort for either party. Can produce clear, detailed text on a wide variety of topics; can present a position on a topical issue, discussing the advantages and disadvantages of various options.
Can understand a wide range of demanding, long texts and recognize implicit meaning. Can express himself fluently and spontaneously without demonstrably having to search for expressions. Can use language flexibly and effectively for social, academic and professional purposes. Can produce clear, well-structured and detailed text on complex topics, using organizational structures and connecting words.
Can easily understand almost anything heard or read. Can summarize information from different spoken and written sources, reconstruct arguments and report on this in a coherent way. Can express himself spontaneously, fluently and precisely, distinguishing fine nuances in meaning, even in more complex situations.